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The Types of Ney

 

 

 Yilmaz Öztuna'nın Turkish Music Dictionary in the Encyclopedic Dictionary, 12 kinds of Nays says.

  According to the information in the book, we call a total of twelve varieties according to their lengths and voices.

 These Neyler's seven are Neyler, consisting of tonal natural sounds: Neyler, in the tones of Mi, Re, Do, Si, La, Sol and Fa.

  The tone of the five is Neyler, which consists of intermediate voices: Mi bemol, Do diyez, Si bemol, La bemol and Fa Sayes.

 

 

  The Neyler, whose size is half the size and whose sound is from an octave above, is also called Nısfiye Nay's.

  Nısfiye Neyler is a complete octave from the top, that is, an octave treble.

 Nısfiye Neyleri or Piccolo Neyleri are used in many types of music today.

  Nay's is also used in world music genres.

 In that case, we will have a total of twenty varieties to count these Piccolo Neys.

 Piccolo Nay's, which is used occasionally in Turkish music today, is used in all of the Arab countries, in India and Central Asian music, and so on in Tibet.

  These Piccolo Nays, which are small in size, have serious tuning and entenment problems.

  If we give brief information about Ney varieties,

  We can start from the smallest Ney Girl Nişfiye Nay.

 Kız Nısfiye Ney

  This Ney, which is about 350 millimeters long, is the smallest Ney.

  The tone of this is the Si perdes above the Porte.

 

  Girl Nıshiye Neylene Neylerin smaller than our fingers do not allow.

  Either Ney is small or our fingers are big.

 This little Ney, which is not blown in the Classic Form, is often used in music genres, often referred to as market music, in fantasy music, occasionally in Turkish Folk Music, and especially in the Arab music scene.

  This Girl Nısfiye Ney you see below is 350 mm long.

  Click on the image to enlarge it.

 

 

 Kız Mabeyn Nısfiye Ney

  This Ney, about 375 millimeters long, is a little longer than the smallest.

  The tone of this is the Si perdes above the Porte.

 

  It is a type of Ney that is not used much.

 

 

 Mansur Nısfiye Ney

  This Nay is about 400 millimeters long.

  This is the La perdes above what the tone is Porte.

 

  This little Ney, which is not blown in the Classic Form, is often used in music genres, often referred to as market music, in fantasy music, occasionally in Turkish Folk Music, and especially in the Arab music scene.

  Below is the Mansur Nısfiye Ney, which you can see in the picture, 400 mm long.

  Click on the image to enlarge it.

 

 

 Mansur Mabeyn Nısfiye Ney

 

  Nay is about 425 millimeters long.

  This is the La bemol perdes above what the tone is Porte.

  Click on the image to enlarge it.

 

 

 Şah Nısfiye Ney

  Nay is about 435 millimeters long.

  This is the Sol perdes above what the tone is Porte.

 

  This little Ney, which is not over-blown in the Classic Form, is usually found in music genres,

 Is often used in fantasy music, occasionally in Turkish Folk Music, and especially in the Arab music mosque.

 Below is the picture of this Shah Nısfiye Ney, 435 mm long.

  Click on the image to enlarge it.

 

 

 Davud Nısfiye Ney

 Nay is about 475 millimeters long.

 This is the tone of what, the 5th line of Fa diyez.

 

  This little Ney, which is not over-blown in the Classic Form, is usually used in music genres, market music, fantasy music,

 Is sometimes used in Turkish Folk Music and especially in Arabic music.

  Below is the Davud Nişfiye Ney, 460 mm long.

  Click on the image to enlarge it.

  Click on the image to enlarge it.

 

 

 Davud Mabeyn Nısfiye Ney

  Nay is about 500 millimeters long.

  This is the tone of what, the 5th line of Fa:

 

  Click on the image to enlarge it.

 

 

 Bolahenk Nısfiye Ney

  Nay is about 500 millimeters long.

  The tone of this is the Mi perception in the 4th interval:

 

  It is used in the works of Classical Form, in Mystic Music, in choir and solo interpretations, in TRT Radios, in State Choir, in Amateur and Professionnal Groups and Communities.

  This Bolahenk Nisshiye Ney you see below is 510 mm long.

  Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 Resmin üzerine tıklayarak büyütebilirsiniz.

 

 

 Bolahenk Mabeyn Nısfiye Ney

  Nay is is about 550 millimeters long.

  This is what tone is in the 4th interval:

 

  This nay not used much

  Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 

 

 Süpürde Ney

  Nay is about 600 millimeters long.

  This is the tone of what, the Re in the 4th line:

 

  It is used in the works of Classical Forms, in Mystic Music, in choir and solo interpretations, in TRT Radios, in State Choir, in Amateur and Professionnal Groups and Communities.

  Below is the Sweep Ney you see pictured, 580 mm long.

  Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 Resmin üzerine tıklayarak büyütebilirsiniz.

 

 

 Müstahzen Ney

  Nay is about 620 millimeters long.

  This is what tone is in the 3rd interval:

 

  Since it is mostly used as Turkish Folk Music Tone, it is also included in the works of the songs in the form of folk songs.

  Below you will see the picture of the Prepared Ney, 600 mm long.

  Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 

 

 Yıldız Ney

  Nay is about 650 millimeters long.

  This is what tone is in the 3rd interval:

 

  Since it is mostly used as Turkish Folk Music Tone, it is also included in the works of the songs in the form of folk songs.

 

 

 Kız Ney

  Nay is is about 700 millimeters long.

  The tone of this is the Si perd of the 3rd line:

 

  In the works of Classical Form, in Sufi Music, in choir and solo interpretations, in TRT Radios,

  It is used in State Choir, Amateur and Professional Groups and Communities.

  Below is the Girl Ney you see pictured, 700 mm long.

  Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 

 

 Kız Mabeyn Ney

  Nay is about 750 millimeters long.

  The tone of this is the Si perimeter of the 3rd line:

 

  Ney is a type of Ney that is not used much by reputation

  Below is a picture of Girl Mabeyn Ney, which you are picturing, 750 mm long.

  Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 

 

 Mansur Ney

  is about 800 millimeters long.

  The tone of this is the La perdes in the 2nd interval:

 

  In the works of Classical Form, in Sufi Music performances, in choir and solo interpretations, in TRT Radios,

  It is used in State Choir, Amateur and Professional Groups and Communities.

  The Mansur Ney you see below is 800 mm long.

  Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 

 

 Mansur Mabeyn Ney

  Nay is about 850 millimeters long.

  The tone of this is the La perimeter of the 2nd interval:

 

  Ney is a type of Ney that is not used much by reputation

 Click on the picture to enlarge it.

 

 

Şah Ney

  Nay is is about 875 millimeters long.

  This is the tone of the What, the second is the left flank of the line:

  This Nay a difficult instrument to steal.

  What is not recommended for beginners to what it is so difficult to blow.

  However, the recommendation for personal Ney studies is extremely performance enhancing.

  Especially useful for lower voices.

 

 

Davud Ney

  Nay is is about 925 millimeters long.

  The tone of this is the diagonal pitch of Fa in the 1st interval:

 

  This Nay a difficult instrument to steal.

  What is not recommended for beginners to what it is so difficult to blow.

  However, the recommendation for personal Ney studies is extremely performance enhancing.

  Especially useful for lower voices.

 

 

 Bolahenk Ney

  Nay is is about 1025 millimeters long.

  The tone of this is the Mi perdes in line 1:

 

  This Nay a difficult instrument to steal.

  What is not recommended for beginners to what it is so difficult to blow.

  However, the recommendation for personal Ney studies is extremely performance enhancing.

 

 

  Nowadays, the massive Neyler is not blown in public.

  As I mentioned before, it is both very tiring and Neyzen's size, his fingers may not grow, which is very normal.

  Among the most used Neyler, Bolahenk Nıshiye, Sweep, Producer, Star, Girl Ney and Mansur Neyler come.

  You can see the Ney Varieties, lengths and tones in Western music in our table:

NAME IN TURKISH MUSIC LENGTH INTERNATIONAL MUSIC TONE
Kız Nısfiye nearly 350 mm Sİ ( B )
Kız Mabeyn Nısfiye nearly 375 mm Sİ bemol ( Bb )
Mansur Nısfiye nearly 400 mm LA ( A )
Mansur Mabeyn Nısfiye nearly 435 mm La bemol ( Ab )
Şah Nısfiye nearly 450 mm SOL ( G )
Davud Nısfiye nearly 475 mm FA diyez ( #F )
Davud Mabeyn Nısfiye nearly 500 mm FA ( E i)
Bolahenk Nısfiye nearly 525 mm Mİ ( E )
Bolâhenk Mâbeyn Nısfiye nearly 550 mm Mİ bemol ( Eb )
Süpürde nearly 600 mm RE ( D )
Müstahsen nearly 625 mm DO diyez ( #C )
Yıldız nearly 650 mm DO ( C )
Kız nearly 700 mm Sİ ( B )
Kız Mâbeyn nearly 750 mm Sİ bemol ( Bb )
Mansur nearly 800 mm LA ( A )
Mansur Mâbeyn nearly 850 mm LA bemol ( Ab )
Şah nearly 875 mm SÔL ( G )
Dâvud nearly 925 mm FA diyez ( #F )
Dâvud Mâbeyn nearly 975 mm FA ( F )
Bolâhenk nearly 1025 mm Mi ( E )

 

 

 

  Nays, which is a basic sound with a flat sound, is also called Mabeyn Nays.

  La bemol, Si Bemol, Re bemol, Mi bemol tones in the general name of the Nays are Mabeyn Nay's.

 

 

 How are the names of the Nays determined?

  They are determined by the lengths of the neys and the voices they sound.

  What is sound?

  Sound is the mechanical vibration of a gas, liquid or solid elastic medium in which the energy is transferred by

gradually increasing sound waves from the source of the energy.

 The brain perceives this stimulation as sound.

  A progressive sound wave, energy, and this energy is taken up by another mechanical system, such as earplugs;

 It is transmitted to the brain through the nerves.

 

 

 How to determine the tone of the Nay ?

 

  the la tone voice on the go is based on the tone of the Nay

  The La Fiesta is just the sound of our left hand ring finger being open.

  We will shut down La voice to remove the curtains:

  RIGHT HAND: Head, Sign, Middle and Ring Fingers.

 LEFT EL: Sign and Middle Fingers.

  Review the picture below:

  Neyde La Sesi

  So;

  Tones of Ney Instrument:

Bolahenk Nısfıye The sound of La (Dügâh), which we have blown from among us, is the Bolahenk Ney Mi tone because it corresponds to the voice of MI on Piano.

Bolahenk Mabeyn The voice of La (Dügâh) that we blow out of us is in the tone of Bolahenk Mabeyn Ney Mi Bemol because it corresponds to the voice of Mİ BEMOL on Piano.

Sweater The sound of La (Dügâh), which we blow from our Noodle, is in the Sweep Ney Re tones because it corresponds to the sound of RE on the Piano

The voice of La (Dügâh), which we have made from our Preparatory Ney, is in the Prepared Ney Do Diez tone because it corresponds to the voice of DO DIEZ on the Piano

The Star (La) (Dügâh) sound, which we have blown from our Star Ney, is in Star Ney Do tone because it corresponds to DO sound on Piano

The voice of La (Dügâh), which we are blowing from our girlfriend, is in Ney Si tone because it corresponds to SI voice on the Piano.

The voice of La (Dügâh), which we are blowing from our Mother Mabeyn Ney, is in the tone of Girl Mabeyn Ney Si Bemol because it corresponds to the voice of SI BEMOL on the Piano.

The Mansur Ney La ton is the voice of La (Dügâh) that we are blowing from our Mansur Neyiz, because it corresponds to the voice of LA on Piano.

Mansur Mabeyn Mansur Mabeyn is in Ney La Bemol tone because the sound of La (Dügâh) which we blow from our Noodles corresponds to LA BEMOL voice on the Piano.

The voice of La (Dügâh), which we have blown from our Shah, is in the tone of the Shah Ney Left because it coincides with the voice of SOL on the Piano.

David The voice of La, which we have uttered from among us, is the voice of Fa, which is in the tone of Fa,

as it coincides with the voice of Fa at the time of the Piano.

Bolahenk We say Bolahenk Ney Mi ton because the voice of La (Dügâh) that we blow from our Nee corresponds to Mi voice on the Piano.

We will also specify in our table:

 

NAME IN TURKISH MUSIC LENGHT INTERNATIONAL MUSIC TONE
Bolâhenk Nısfiye 505-525 mm Mİ (E Dördüncü Aralık)
Bolâhenk Mâbeyn 545-565 mm Mİ bemol (Eb)
Süpürde 580-600 mm RE (D)
Müstahsen 615-635 mm DO diyez (#C)
Yıldız 645-665 mm DO ( C)
Kız Yaklaşık 700 mm Sİ (B)
Kız Mâbeyn 730-760 mm Sİ (Bb)
Mansur 770-810 mm LA (A)
Mansur Mâbeyn 820-860 mm LA bemol (Ab)
Şah 900-940 mm SÔL (G)
Dâvud 920-960 mm FA diyez (#F)
Dâvud Mâbeyn 960-1000 mm FA (F)
Bolâhenk 1010-1050 mm Mi (E Birinci çizgi)

 

 

 What is frequency ?

  The frequency is the vibration or the number of revolutions per second of the sound. Hertz (Hz) is used as the unit for the frequency.

  As the number of vibrations increases within 1 second of sound, in other words, as the frequency increases, the sound becomes sharper.

  As the frequency drops, the sound becomes thicker.

 The frequency and pitch are directly proportional.

 The lowest frequency that the human ear can hear is 20 Hz and the highest frequency is 20,000 Hz.

  In the table below you will see the frequency ranges of the Neyler's different lengths:

 

NAME IN TURKISH MUSIC FREQUENCY INTERNATIONAL MUSIC TONE
Bolâhenk Nısfiye 261,63 - 1864,7 Hz Mİ (E Dördüncü Aralık)
Bolâhenk Mâbeyn 261,63 - 1864,7 Hz Mİ bemol (Eb)
Süpürde 246,94 - 1760 Hz RE (D)
Müstahsen 233,08 - 1661,2 Hz DO diyez (#C)
Yıldız 220 - 1568 Hz DO ( C)
Kız 207,64 - 1480 Hz Sİ (B)
Kız Mâbeyn 730 - 760 Hz Sİ (Bb)
Mansur 196 - 1396,9 Hz LA (A)
Mansur- Mâbeyn 174,61 - 1244,5 Hz LA bemol (Ab)
Şah 164,81 - 1174,7 Hz SÔL (G)
Davud 155,56 - 1108,7 Hz FA diyez (#F)
Dâvud Mâbeyn 146,83 - 1046,5 Hz FA (F)
Bolâhenk 138,59 - 987,77 Hz Mi (E Birinci çizgi)

  We do not know this information about the Ney varieties it will be useful.

 

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